Types of Bleeds

Bleeds can have different levels of seriousness. They can also happen on both the outside and inside of the body.9

Depending on how severe the type of hemophilia is, bleeding may occur more or less often for different people. Or, bleeds may happen only during surgery or serious accidents.4,9

With hemophilia and inhibitors, bleeds do not happen more frequently. But they can be more difficult to control.5

The goal is always to prevent bleeding if possible. If serious bleeding does occur, contact your doctor, nurse, or hemophilia care team immediately and get treatment.3,4

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Bumps, Bruises, and Minor Accidents

Minor bumps, bruises, and scrapes are natural and can't be avoided. Even when someone has hemophilia, these accidents are not usually very painful.3,11

If someone with hemophilia has a minor accident, there is usually no need to be scared or alarmed. Generally, minor bruises, nosebleeds, and mouth bleeds do not require emergency medical attention.7

If a bruise does not go away, or if it gets bigger over a few hours, or if a bruise is on the head, neck, throat, joints, or groin, then contact your doctor, nurse, or hemophilia care team immediately for their advice.3,7

Emergency Situations

If you have hemophilia with inhibitors, you should prepare an emergency plan with your healthcare team. If an emergency does happen, follow your plan closely.12

With hemophilia, there are 6 bleed locations that can be very dangerous. If not treated quickly, they can become a threat to life, the use of an arm or a leg, or extremely important body functions. They include3,4:

  • Head (intracranial) bleeds
  • Neck bleeds
  • Throat bleeds
  • Stomach (abdominal) bleeds
  • Groin/Kidney bleeds
  • Eye bleeds

If you ever have one of these bleeds, you should call your doctor immediately or go directly to a local emergency room.3,7

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Learn about Emergency Care >>